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Cardiff Council

Glossary of terms

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Adopted Plan The final, statutorily approved legal version of the Local Development Plan.


Adoption The final confirmation of a development plan status by a local planning authority (LPA).


Affordable Housing Housing, whether for rent, shared ownership or outright purchase, provided at a cost considered affordable in relation to incomes that are average or below average, or in relation to the price of general market housing.


Annual Monitoring Report (AMR) A report submitted to the Welsh Government by the local planning authorities which assess the effectiveness of the LDP against a set of indicators and targets.


Air Quality Management Area (AQMA) The Environment Act 1995 requires local authorities to review and assess the quality of air in the areas against national air quality standards and objectives. Where the UK air quality objectives are not being met and members of the public are affected they are required to declare an AQMA.


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Baseline A description of the present state of the area against which to measure change.


Biodiversity A term used to describe the variety of life on Earth, including the wide variety of ecosystems and living organisms, animals, plants, their habitats and their genes.


Brownfield Land/Site Land which is, or was, previously occupied by a permanent structure (excluding agriculture or forestry buildings) and associated fixed surface infrastructure. This includes the curtilage of development, defence buildings and land used for mineral extraction and waste disposal where provision for restoration has not been made.


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Candidate Sites The LDP Manual (Welsh Government 2006) recommends that local planning authorities engage with developers and landowners at the evidence gathering stage of the LDP process to obtain information about potential development sites that may be included in the plan. Accordingly, in November 2010, the Council formally invited developers, landowners, agents, Council departments and others with an interest in land to submit sites they wished to be considered for development or reuse through the LDP, for a range of uses, including housing, employment, retail, leisure, waste, transport (e.g. park and ride sites), open space and other community uses.


Citizens Panel The Citizens Panel is made up of a representative sample of over 1,000 local residents from across Cardiff who have agreed to give their views on a number of consultation topics throughout the year.  Panel members share their views by completing surveys and occasionally taking part in other activities like focus groups, workshops, or forums.


Climate Change Long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, wind and all other aspects of the Earth's climate. Often regarded as a result of human activity and fossil fuel consumption.


Commitments (or committed development) All land with current planning permission or allocated in adopted development plans for development (particularly residential development).


Community People living in a defined geographical area, or who share common interests.


Community Involvement Scheme (CIS) The CIS identifies how the LPA intends to involve consultation bodies and the public in the preparation of the LDP.  The CIS is submitted to the Welsh Government as part of the Delivery Agreement for its agreement.


Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) CIL is a method of securing generalised contributions from developers. The Government legislated for CIL in the 2008 Planning Act. Implementing Regulations followed, and CIL came into force in England and Wales on 6 April 2010.


Community Strategy Local authorities are required by the Local Government Act 2000 to prepare these, with the aim of improving the social, environmental and economic well being of their areas.


Consultation Formal process where comments are invited on a particular topic or set of topics, or a draft document.


Conservation Area Areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.


Conservation Area Character Appraisal A published document defining the special architectural or historic interest that warranted the area being designated.


Conversions Generally means the physical work necessary to change of use of a building from a particular use, classified in the use classes order, to another use. Can also mean the sub-division of residential properties into self-contained flats or maisonettes.


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Delivery Agreement A document comprising the local planning authorities timetable for the preparation of the LDP together with its Community Involvement Scheme, submitted to the Welsh Government for agreement.


Deposit A formal stage of consultation in which comments are invited on the full draft LDP.


Deposit LDP A full draft of the Local Development Plan which undergoes a formal consultation period.


Development Development, as it is defined in planning law is the ‘carrying out of building, engineering, mining or other operations in, on, over or under land.' (Section 55 of the 1990 Planning Act as amended).


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Employment Land/Site Land used for employment purposes by one or more of the following: offices, manufacturing, research and development, storage and distribution.


Enterprise Zones A specially designated area within which businesses are granted numerous advantages and incentives such as income tax credits, equipment tax refunds and property tax credits. At its core, the enterprise zone is a means to targeting a specific geographical area for economic revitalisation. Creating an enterprise zone encourages investment and promotes economic growth in that area.


Evidence Base The information and data gathered by the LPA to justify the "soundness" of the policy approach set out in the Local Development Plan, including physical, economic, and social characteristics of an area.


Examination Examination is carried out by the Planning Inspectorate on behalf of the Welsh  Government and involves the examination of the report, all the deposit representations, the Deposit Local Development Plan with its background evidence and the Sustainability Appraisal Report. It ensures that the LDP is based on sound information and thinking, and that the views of those with concerns about the plan have been considered.


Expressions of Interest Representations or comments on the development plan, including requests for alteration, inclusion or removal of policies or sites for development.


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Final Sustainability Report A term used to refer to the Sustainability Appraisal Report, produced at the deposit stage.  It shows how SA/SEA has informed the preparation of the LDP and details the methodology, process and results of the LDP against the Sustainability Objectives identified in the SA/SEA Scoping Report.


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Greenfield Land/Site Land that has not been previously developed, usually farmland, grassland or heath.


Gross Value Added (GVA) This is a measure in economics of the value of goods and services produced in an area, industry or sector of an economy.


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Habitat Regulation Assessment (HRA) A HRA is a requirement of European Directive 92/43/EEC which assesses the potential effects a Local Development Plan may have on one or more European sites (Natura 2000 sites). The assessment should conclude whether or not a proposal or policy in a Development Plan would adversely affect the integrity of the site in question.


Housing Land Availability (HLA) The total amount of land reserved for residential use awaiting development.


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Infrastructure Infrastructure includes services such as roads, transport facilities, water supplies, sewerage and associated waste water treatment facilities, waste management facilities, energy supplies (electricity and gas) and distribution networks and telecommunications infrastructure. Soft infrastructure includes ICT and telecommunications.


Initial Sustainability Appraisal Report A term used to refer to the Sustainability Appraisal Report, produced at the Preferred Strategy stage.  This assesses the LDP options against the Sustainability Appraisal framework. The report is then expanded at the Deposit LDP stage and finalised alongside the Adoption Statement.


Inspector's Report The findings of the Inspector, following an independent examination of the LDP, set out in a report that is binding upon the LPA.


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Key Diagram The diagrammatic interpretation of the LDP's spatial strategy.


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LANDMAP LANDMAP​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new window is the national information system, devised by the Countryside Council for Wales, for taking landscape into account in decision-making.


Listed Building A building of special architectural or historic interest.  Listed buildings are graded I, II* or II with grade I being the highest.  Listing includes the interior as well as the exterior of the building, and any buildings or permanent structures.


Local Development Plan (LDP) The required statutory development plan for each local planning authority area in Wales under Part 6 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004. A land use plan that is subject to independent examination, which will form the statutory development plan for a local authority area. It should include a vision, strategy, area wide policies for development types, land allocations, and where necessary policies and proposals for key areas of change and protection.


Local Development Plans Wales (LDPW) Planning policy guidance document from the Welsh Government on the preparation of Local Development Plans.


Local Listing (or Building of Local Importance). A locally important building valued for contribution to local scene or for local historical situations but not meriting listed building status.


Local Nature Reserve (LNR) Non-statutory habitats of local significance designated by local authorities where protection and public understanding of nature conservation is encouraged.


Local Planning Authority (LPA) A planning authority responsible for the preparation of the LDP.


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Master Planning In land-use planning, a government entity's plan for the overall utilisation of a particular area, including its allocation for residential or manufacturing uses and the corresponding environmental impacts.


Minerals Aggregates Technical Advice Note (MTAN1) This was issued by the Welsh Government in March 2004. MTAN1 and sets an overarching objective which seeks to ensure a sustainably managed supply of aggregates (which are essential for construction), striking the best between environmental, economic and social costs.


Mitigation Measures to avoid, reduce or offset significant adverse effects.


Mixed Use Developments or proposals comprising more than one land use type on a single site.


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National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) NVQs are work based awards that are achieved through assessment and training.


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Objectives and Indicators Objectives are what the LDP is trying to achieve, and indicators are measures that show whether or not objectives are being achieved. They can be used to help show whether planning policy is effective, or be used in helping to conduct a Sustainability Appraisal.


Office of National Statistics (ONS)  The ONS is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the Parliament of the United Kingdom.


Open Space All space of public value including public landscaped areas, playing fields, parks and play areas, and also including areas of water such as rivers, canals, lakes and reservoirs, which can offer opportunities for sport and recreation or can also act as a visual amenity and a haven for wildlife.


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Participation Phase Period prior to the pre-deposit Local Development Plan when stakeholders and the public will have the opportunity to influence the issues, options and policies for future growth and development to be included.


Phasing The development of a site in gradual stages over a period of time rather than all at once.


Planning Gain The benefits or safeguards, often for community benefit, secured by way of a planning obligation as part of a planning approval and usually provided at the developer's expense. For example, affordable housing, community facilities or mitigation measures.


Planning Obligations and Agreements Legal agreements between a planning authority and a developer, or undertakings offered unilaterally by a developer, that ensure that certain extra works related to a development are undertaken. For example, the provision of highways. Sometimes called "Section 106" agreements.


Planning Policy Wales (PPW) Issued by the Welsh Government setting out its national land use policies on different areas of planning.


Population Projection The prediction of future populations based on the present age-sex structure, and with the present rates of fertility, mortality and migration.


Pre Deposit proposals documents These include the vision, strategic options, preferred strategy, key policies, and the Sustainability Appraisal report.


Pre deposit stage The strategic Options and Preferred Strategy stage of LDP preparation.


Proposals Map A component of the Local Development Plan showing the location of proposals on an Ordnance Survey base map.


Prosiect Gwyrdd Prosiect Gwyrdd is a partnership between, Caerphilly Borough County Council​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new window, The County Council of the City and County of Cardiff​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new windowMonmouthshire County Council​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new window, Newport Council​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new window and Vale of Glamorgan Council​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new window The combined municipal waste of the five authorities makes up 40% of the total municipal waste of Wales. Prosiect Gwyrdd​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new window is committed to looking for the best environmental, cost effective and practical solution for waste after recycling and composting has been maximised in each area.


Protected Species Plants and animal species afforded protection under certain Acts and Regulations.


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Ramsar Sites Sites designated under the Ramsar Convention to protect wetlands that are of international importance, particularly as waterfowl habitats.


The Regional Technical Statement (RTS) The RTS is produced by the South Wales Regional Aggregates Working Party and sets out a regional plan for aggregate provision in south Wales and is a requirement of the Minerals Aggregates Technical Advice Note (MTAN1).


Regional Transport Plan (RTP) Regional Transport Plan prepared by Sewta 


Representations Comments in support of, or in opposition to, the deposit Local Development Plan.


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Scheduled Ancient Monument Nationally important monuments usually archaeological remains, that enjoy greater protection against inappropriate development through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

Scoping SA The process of deciding the scope and level of detail of a Sustainability Appraisal, including sustainability effects and options which need to be considered, the assessment methods to be used, and the structure and contents of the SA Report.


Section 106 Agreement A legal agreement under section 106 of the 1990 Town & Country Planning Act. Section 106 agreements are legal agreements between a planning authority and a developer, or undertakings offered unilaterally by a developer, that ensure that certain extra works related to a development are undertaken.


South Wales Regional Aggregates Working Party (South Wales Regional Aggregates Working Party (SWRAWP) The SWRAWP​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new window is a technical working group with membership drawn from officers of the 18 Mineral Planning Authorities in South Wales, representatives of the Quarry Products Association, British Aggregates Association, Environment Agency Wales, Countryside Council for Wales, Welsh Government, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, Cuddy Demolition, Welsh Environment Trust and British Geological Survey.


South East Wales Economic Forum (SEWEF) The Forum is a regional partnership bringing together the ten local authorities, the Welsh Government, the private sector, universities and the third sector to discuss and address the regional economic matters of south east Wales.


South East Wales Strategic Planning Group (SEWSPG) Membership of the group comprises officer and political representation from the ten local authorities in the South East Wales area. The principal aim of the Group is to meet to discuss regional issues and provide an interface between the Wales Spatial Plan strategy and individual authority development plans.


South East Wales Transport Alliance (SEWTA) Sewta​​​​​​​​​​Link opens in a new window is a consortium established on 1st April 2003 by the ten authorities in south east Wales to carry out their functions in relation to public transport and some other transport matters. Sewta works in close liaison with partners representing public transport operators and users.


Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINC) Locally important sites of nature conservation adopted by local authorities for planning purposes. (See also Local Nature Reserve).


Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) A site identified under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000) as an area of special interest by reason of any of its flora, fauna, geological or physiographical features.


Soundness To be considered sound, a Local Development Plan must be justified (founded on robust and credible evidence and be the most appropriate strategy) and effective (deliverable, flexible and able to be monitored). There are ten tests of soundness set out in guidance issued by the Welsh Government and the Planning Inspectorate against which the LDP will be assessed.


Special Area Of Conservation (SAC) A site designated under the European Community Habitats Directive, to protect internationally important natural habitats and species.


Special Protection Areas (SPA) Sites classified under the European Community Directive on Wild Birds to protect internationally important bird species.


Stakeholders Interests directly affected by the LDP (and/ or SEA) - involvement generally through representative bodies.


Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Generic term used to describe environmental assessment as applied to polices, plans and programmes. The SEA Regulations require a formal "environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes, including those in the field of planning and land use."


Strategic Opportunity Area (SOA) Strategic Opportunity Areas (SOAs) offers potential regional benefits from its sustainable development. SOAs are intended to bring greater coherence to their development, and enable public transport links to be strengthened.


Submission Formal stage when the LDP is submitted to the Welsh Government for independent examination by a government-appointed planning inspector.


Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) Supplementary Planning Guidance may cover a range of issues, both thematic and site specific and provide further detail of policies and proposals in a development plan.


Sustainability Appraisal (SA) A tool for appraising policies and proposals to ensure they reflect sustainability development objects (i.e. social, environmental and economic factors). Each LPA is required by S62(6) of the Act to undertake an SA of the LDP. This form of SA fully incorporates the requirements of the SEA Directive. The term used in the LDP includes Strategic Environmental Assessment, unless otherwise made clear.


Sustainable Development Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.


Sustainable Transport Often meaning walking, cycling and public use of transport (and in some circumstances ‘car sharing'), which is considered to be less damaging to the environment and contributes less to traffic congestion than one-person car journeys.


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Technical Advice Notes (TANS) Documents produced by the Welsh Government to supplement Planning Policy Wales, which give detailed technical guidance to Local Planning Authorities on particular planning issues. They should be taken into account by LPAs in the development plan preparation process.


Transport Corridor An area of land in which at least one main line for transport, (road, rail, canal etc) has been built. Often new transport lines are built alongside existing ones to minimise the area affected by pollution.


Transport Hub A place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes. Public Transport Hubs include train stations, rapid transit stations, bus stops, tram stop, airports and ferry slips.


Travel Plan A travel plan is a package of actions designed by a workplace, school or other organisation to encourage safe, healthy and sustainable travel options. By reducing car travel, Travel Plans can improve health and wellbeing, free up carparking space, and make a positive contribution to the community and the environment.


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United Kingdom Biodiversity Action Plan (UKBAP) This is the governmental response to the Convention on Biological Diversity signed in 1992. As of 2009 1,150 species and 65 habitats are identified as needing conservation and greater protection and are covered by UK BAPs.


Unitary Development Plan (UDP) A plan prepared under the previous plan making system which reached Deposit stage in Cardiff.


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Wales Spatial Plan (WSP) A plan prepared and approved by the Welsh Government under S60 of the Act, which sets out a strategic framework to guide future development and policy interventions, whether or not these relate to formal land use planning control. Under S62 (5) (b) of the Act a local planning authority must have regard to the WSP in preparing an LDP.


Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) The official measure of deprivation in small areas in Wales. It is a relative measure of concentrations of deprivation at the small area level. It looks at issues such as income, housing, employment, access to services, health, environment, education and community safety.


Windfall Site A site not specifically allocated for development in a development plan, but which unexpectedly becomes available for development during the lifetime of a plan. Most "windfalls" are referred to in a housing context.


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