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Parking and Traffic Contraventions

Penalty Charge Notices (parking fines) are issued to vehicles seen committing parking or moving traffic offences. 

If you receive a Penalty Charge Notice then you must decide whether to pay the penalty or whether to appeal.​

Below is list of some of these restrictions and what they mean to prevent you from receiving a fine.


01 – Double yellow lines - Parking in a restricted street during prescribed hours

​​Double yellow lines

  • No waiting at any time.
  • You may stop while passengers get into or out of the vehicle, but the vehicle should not be left unattended.
  • You can unload and load if it is constantly observed that loading or unloading is taking place. 
  • Blue badge holders can park for up to three hours with no return for one hour with a clearly displayed valid blue badge and correctly set time clock (refer to booklet).
  • No requirement for a sign for the restriction
  • Yellow lines also apply to the pavement or highway or verge .


Single yellow lines ​


Single yellow lines

  • During times of operation as shown by the time place, these markings act as double yellow lines.
  • Outside of these times the yellow line restriction does not apply.

02 / 02J – Parked on Loading Restriction - Parked or loading/unloading in a restricted street where waiting and loading/unloading restrictions are in force

Parked on Loading Resftriction

Loading restrictions 
  • This contravention requires no observation time to enforce.
  • Yellow lines (ticks) on the kerb or on the edge of the carriageway indicate that there is a loading restriction.
  • Single ticks on the kerb mean no loading between the times stated on the time plate (white plate - times may vary and time plate must be checked).
  • Double yellow ticks on the kerb mean no loading or unloading at any time. 
  • Vehicles can stop while passengers get into or out of the vehicle, but not wait and the driver must remain in the vehicle.
  • Blue badge holders cannot park on a loading restriction.
  • This restriction may be enforced by camera so you may not see a penalty charge notice on the windscreen and instead it would be sent in the post. 

​05 – Parked after expiry of paid for time

  • A Penalty Charge Notice will be issued if a vehicle is parked in a parking place longer than the time stated on the ticket or longer than the paid for time made via MiPermit.

11– Parked without payment of the payment charge

  • A Penalty Charge Notice will be issued if a vehicle is parked in a parking place without displaying a valid ticket or making a MiPermit payment.
  • Pay and Display tickets must be clearly displayed on the dashboard.
  • Tickets must be positioned the correct way up and showing the correct vehicle registration details.
  • Payment made by MiPermit must contain the correct vehicle details and parking location in order to be considered valid.

12 – Parking in a Resident Bay without a permit - Parked in a residents' or shared use parking place without clearly displaying either a permit, voucher or issued pay and display ticket

Parking in a Resident Bay without a permit

  • You must not park in a resident bay during its period of operation without a valid permit that is clearly displayed. The period of operation will be shown on the adjacent sign.
  • In Cardiff, blue badge holders can park for up to three hours with no return for one hour when clearly displaying a valid blue badge and correctly setting the time clock.
  • You may park for the puposes of loading and unloading. Continuous loading and unloading must be taken place and observed by an officer the vehicle must then be removed to a non-restricted parking space.

16 – Parked in a permit space without displaying a valid permit

Parked in a permit space without a valid permit

  • You must not park in a permit bay during its period of operation without displaying a valid permit for that place or it may be restricted to specific vehicles (i.e Doctors, Car Club). The period of operation will be shown on the adjacent sign.
  • There is no exemption for blue badge holders in these bays.

19 – Parking in a Resident bay with an invalid Permit - Parked in a residents' or shared use parking place displaying an invalid permit, voucher or pay and display ticket

Parking in a Resident bay with an invalid Permit

You need to clearly display a valid permit when parking in a resident parking bay.

The permit will be deemed invalid and a Penalty Charge Notice will be issued if:

  • The permit is out of date
  • The vehicle is parked in a street with a permit that is for another location
  • The permit is obscured and full permit details are not visible
  • The vehicle registration differs from that on the permit.

22 – Returning in a limited waiting bay within prescribed times - Parking in the same parking place or zone within one hour (or other specified time) of leaving

Returning in a limited waiting bay within prescribed times.

  • The ‘no return’ information is displayed on the sign. This means that you are not permitted to return to the limited waiting bay within the time specified. Parking enforcement officers will record all vehicles parked in limited waiting bays to ensure that they do not overstay or return to the bay within the specified timescale. 
  • Blue badge holders may park longer than the time shown on the signs with a clearly displayed valid blue badge unless the signs say otherwise, but once the vehicle is moved then the no return rule applies.

23 – Parked in a parking place or area not designated for that class of vehicle






Where a sign indicates that only a specific type of vehicle is permitted to park in that bay during the times on the sign:

  • Goods Vehicle Loading bay - Must only be used by vehicles that have been permanently adapted for the carriage of goods/items
  • Bus / Coach Bay - Only a cehicle with 9 or more passenger seats are allowed to park
  • Motorcycle Bay - Only motorcycles are allowed to park in these bays.

24 – Not parked correctly within the markings of a bay or parking space​

  • When parking in a parking bay, space or car park you must ensure that your vehicle is fully within a marked bay or valid parking space.

25 – Parking in loading place during restricted hours without loading 

Parking in loading bay without loading

Loading bays
  • White bays marked with the words 'loading only' or ‘loading bay’. 
  • These bays can be restricted to certain types of vehicles, such as a goods vehicle
  • If no times are indicated the bay is in operation at all times
  • You are only allowed to load and unload from these bays and once completed you must remove your vehicle from the loading bay. A Penalty Charge Notice may be issued if an officer observes no loading or loading taking place.

26 – Vehicle parked more than 50cm away from the edge of the carriageway

Parked more than 50cm away from the edge of the carriageway

  • No observation time is required and a Penalty Charge Notice will be issued when a vehicle is parked in the carriageway and the entire vehicle is more than 50cm away from the kerb. This includes double parking.

27 – Parked adjacent to a dropped footway

Parked adjacent to a dropped footway / driveway

  • No observation time is required.
  • A Penalty Charge Notice will be issued when a vehicle is parked either partially or fully across a dropped kerb.
  • Parking alongside a dropped kerb etc can cause considerable inconvenience and put vulnerable road users at severe risk. Parking adjacent to a dropped kerb at an access to premsies can cause considerable nuisance to drivers trying to enter or leave the premises.​ 
  • The Highway Code advises drivers “DO NOT STOP OR PARK….where the kerb has been lowered to help wheelchair users and powered mobility vehicles, or where it would obstruct cyclists’ use of cycle facilities… except when forced to do so by stationary traffic”. 

28 - Parked on part of the carriageway raised to meet the level of the footway cycle track or verge.

  • ​A Penalty Charge Notice will be issued when a vehicle parked on the road where the carriageway has been raised to the level of the adjacent footway/verge.

30 – Parking longer than permitted

Parking longer than permitted in a limited waiting bay

Limited waiting bays 
  • Shown by bay markings and signs that indicate the maximum amount of time that you may park in the bay. Blue badge holders have no time limit unless the sign specifies.
  • The ‘no return’ information is displayed on the sign. This means that you are not permitted to return to the limited waiting bay within the time specified. Parking enforcement officers will log all vehicles parked in limited waiting bays, including pay and display areas, to ensure that they do not overstay or return to the bay within the specified timescale.
  • Exemptions apply only for specific resident permit holders with a valid permit issued for limited waiting parking areas.

40 – Parking in a designated disabled person's parking place without clearly displaying a valid disabled person's badge

Parking in a Disabled Bay 
  • This restriction requires no observation time to enforce.
  • You must not park in parking spaces reserved for specific users such as blue badge holders unless you are entitled to do so.
  • When parking in a disabled badge holders only bay a valid blue badge must be clearly and correctly displayed at all times.

45 / 45J – Parking on a Taxi Rank

Taxi ranks 
 Parking on a Taxi Rank 
  • This restriction requires no observation time to enforce.
  • You must not park in a taxi rank during its period of operation. The period of operation will be shown on the adjoining signage. If there is no times on the signage then the taxi rank is in operation at all times. 
  • Only valid for hackney carriages, not vehicles for private hire, the driver must remain with the vehicle and be available for hire. 
  • This restriction may be enforced by camera so you may not see a Penalty Charge Notice on the windscreen but you will instead be sent a Penalty Charge Notice by post.

47 / 47J – Stopped on a restricted bus stop or stand

Stopping in a Bus Stop

  • This restriction requires no observation time to enforce.
  • No vehicle is permitted to stop on a bus stop / stand other than Public Service Vehicles or Hackney Carriages as defined by legislation.
  • Buses must only use bus stops to allow passengers to board or alight. However they may park for longer to maintain a timetable or to change crews.
  • Hackney Carriage taxis may stop only for so long as to drop or pick up passengers. Vehicles for private hire cannot.
  • This restriction may be enforced by a camera so you may not see a Penalty Charge Notice on the windscreen and instead it would be sent in the post.

48 / 48J – Stopping on School Zig Zags





Stopping on School Zig Zags

Yellow zig-zag markings 
  • ​​This restriction requires no observation time to enforce.
  • When outside schools these markings indicate the length of road where you should not stop, not even to pick up or drop off your children or other passengers.
  • Where there is an upright sign, there is a mandatory prohibition of stopping during the times shown.
  • These markings are provided outside schools to ensure that children can see and be seen clearly when crossing the road.
  • This restriction maybe enforced by a camera so you may not see a penalty charge notice on the windscreen and instead it would be sent in the post.
  • Still applicable during school holidays unless otherwise stated.
  

99 – Stopping on Pedestrian Crossing

Pedestrian crossing zig-zags 
Stopping on Pedestrian Crossing

  • This restriction requires no observation time to enforce.
  • You must not park or stop on a pedestrian crossing or in the area covered by the zig-zag markings. These markings are installed specifically to maintain pedestrian safety. 
  • Police can also still fine and award penalty points.
  • This restriction maybe enforced by a camera so you may not see a penalty charge notice on the windscreen and instead it would be sent in the post.

73 –​ Parked without valid payment 

  • A Penalty Charge Notice will be issued if a vehicle is parked without making a valid payment by obtaining a ticket or making a MiPermit payment.
  • Pay and Display tickets must be clearly displayed on the dashboard.
  • Tickets must be positioned the correct way up and showing the correct vehicle registration details
  • Payment made by MiPermit must contain the correct vehicle details and parking location in order to be considered valid.

81 - Parked in a restricted area in a car park

  • A Penalty Charge Notice will be issued if a vehicle is parked in a restricted area of a car park, for example in a hatched area.

82 – Parked after expiry of paid for time

  • A Penalty Charge Notice will be issued if a vehicle is parked in a parking place longer than the time stated on the ticket or longer than the time paid for via MiPermit.

83 - Parked in a car park without clearly displaying a valid Pay and Display ticket, voucher or parking clock

  • ​A Penalty Charge Notice will be isued if a vehicle is parked in a parking place without displaying a valid Pay and Display ticket or voucher. The ticket must be clearly displayed on the dashboard with the correct vehicle registration number.

85 – Parked in a permit space without a valid permit

Parked in a permit space without a valid permit

  • You must not park in a permit bay without a valid permit.

86 – Parked beyond the bay markings

  • When parking in a parking bay, space or car park you must ensure that your vehicle is fully within a marked bay or valid parking space

87 – Parked in a disabled person's parking space without clearly displaying a valid disabled person's badge

Parking in a Disabled Bay

  • Parking enforcement officers require no observation time to enforce. 
  • You must not park in parking spaces reserved for specific users such as blue badge holders unless you are entitled to do so.
  • When parking in a disabled badge holders only bay a valid blue badge must be clearly and correctly displayed at all times.  




​31 – Entering and stopping in a box junction when prohibited 

Yellow boxes

  • You should not enter the yellow box unless your exit is clear
  • You may enter the box and wait when you want to turn right, and are only stopped from doing so by oncoming traffic, or by other vehicles waiting to turn right.
  • Gyratory box junctions are marked on the carriageway with yellow crisscross lines and at signalled roundabouts you should not enter the box unless you can cross over it completely without stopping.
  • Yellow boxes are enforced with a camera and you will receive a penalty charge notice through the post.

34 – Being in a bus lane

Bus lanes

  • You must not drive or stop in a bus lane during its period of operation unless you are letting passengers in or out of your vehicle. Some vehicles are exempt, such as bicycles and taxis. These will be indicated on the signage. 
  • You are permitted to cross a bus lane to enter a side road but not travel along the bus lane to do so .
  • This is enforced with a Camera and you wwill receive a penalty charge notice through the post.
  • Vehicles must have a minimum of 9 passenger seats to qualify as a bus.

50 (Right, Left or U Turns) - Performing a prohibited manoeuvre

(R,L or U)- Banned Manoeuvres

No U Turn, No Right Turn, No Left Turn
  • You must not perform a manoeuvre that is prohibited by the sign.
  • This is enforced with a camera and you will receive a penalty charge notice through the post.
  • An authorised vehicle may make an otherwise banned manouvre if it is in the permitted class to do so. The types of vehicle permitted to make an otherwise banned turn will always be shown by additional signage.

51 – Failing to comply with a no entry sign

No Entry

  • You must not pass these signs   
  • Authorised vehicles can pass these signs if it is a permitted class to do so, the types of vehicle permitted to enter will always be shown by additional signage 


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